The Ad-hoc (CAMPA)
The genesis of Ad-hoc CAMPA lies in the order passed by Supreme Court in T.N. Godavarman Thirumulpad Vs Union of India and Others [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 202 of 1995] dated 30th October 2002 wherein it observed that a Compensatory Afforestation Fund be created in which all the monies received from the user agencies towards compensatory afforestation, additional compensatory afforestation, penal compensatory afforestation, net present value of the diverted forest land or catchment area treatment plan shall be deposited.
Subsequently, in the said Writ Petition, the Supreme Court through a series of orders decided the broad contours for operation and management of funds collected towards compensatory afforestation, net present value, and protected areas (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries). In its direction dated the 5th of May 2006, the Supreme Court had directed that since the Government has not constituted a Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority, an ad-hoc authority should be constituted till the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority becomes operational and directed to centrally pool the money recovered on behalf of the said Authority lying in the States and Union Territories into the ad-hoc CAMPA.